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  1. added 2020-08-08
    Sketch for a Theory of the History of Philosophy.Uriah Kriegel - manuscript
    My aims in this essay are two. First (§§1-4), I want to get clear on the very idea of a theory of the history of philosophy, the idea of an overarching account of the evolution of philosophical reflection since the inception of written philosophy. And secondly (§§5-8), I want to actually sketch such a global theory of the history of philosophy, which I call the two-streams theory.
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  2. added 2020-08-07
    Schopenhauer on Suicide and Negation of the Will.Michal Masny - forthcoming - British Journal for the History of Philosophy.
    Schopenhauer's argument against suicide has served as a punching bag for many modern-day commentators. Dale Jacquette, Sandra Shapshay, and David Hamlyn all argue that the premises of this argument or its conclusion are inconsistent with Schopenhauer's wider metaphysical and ethical project. This paper defends Schopenhauer from these charges. Along the way, it examines the relations between suicide, death by voluntary starvation, negation of the will, compassion, and Schopenhauer's critiques of cynicism and stoicism. The paper concludes that there may be gaps (...)
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  3. added 2020-07-30
    La teoria dell’identità, precisazioni e risposte.Marco Salucci - 2008 - Humana Mente 2 (5).
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  4. added 2020-07-28
    The Idea of God in the Actualist Tradition.James Wakefield - forthcoming - Il Pensiero Storico. Rivista Internazionale di Storia Delle Idee.
    This paper traces the development of the idea of God that appears in the ‘actualist tradition’, represented by the works of Giovanni Gentile, as well as his predecessor Bertrando Spaventa and his students Guido De Ruggiero and Ugo Spirito. It is shown that the actualists’ idea of God is rooted in an intellectual genealogy extending back to the Scholastics and developed through successive attempts to make sense of a Christian God in a scheme of pure immanence, culminating in a humanistic (...)
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  5. added 2020-07-04
    The World as a Garden: A Philosophical Analysis of Natural Capital in Economics.C. Tyler DesRoches - 2015 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 8 (2):121.
    This dissertation undertakes a philosophical analysis of “natural capital” and argues that this concept has prompted economists to view nature in a radically novel manner. Formerly, economists referred to nature and natural products as a collection of inert materials to be drawn upon in isolation and then rearranged by human agents to produce commodities. More recently, however, nature is depicted as a collection of active, modifiable, and economically valuable processes, often construed as ecosystems that produce marketable goods and services gratis. (...)
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  6. added 2020-06-19
    What is Philosophy and Why Does It Matter? A Situated, Pluralist, Social, Caring - and Perhaps Rebellious Response.Maria Brincker - forthcoming - In Elly Vintiadis (ed.), Philosophy by Women 22 Philosophers Reflect on Philosophy and Its Value.
    (Bonus material: a critique of the genesis myth of Western philosophy as well as of the exclusions and policing practices of both analytic and continental traditions).
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  7. added 2020-06-19
    Descartes and Skepticism.Raman Sachdev - 2019 - Humanities Bulletin 2 (1):71-84.
    In this paper, I present an interpretation of Descartes that deemphasizes his skepticism. I analyze a selection of remarks from Descartes’ correspondence in which he makes judgments about the skeptics. I argue that such remarks display Descartes’ attitude of contempt for skeptical philosophy. Since Descartes associates the skeptics with the activity of constant and total doubting and yet presents scenarios that seemingly arise from extreme doubt—like the malicious demon hypothesis—I look at what Descartes says in the correspondence about his own (...)
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  8. added 2020-06-19
    Time, Power, and Superhumanity.Paul S. Loeb - 2001 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 21:27-47.
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  9. added 2020-06-18
    The Oxford Handbook to Epicurus and Epicureanism.Phillip Mitsis (ed.) - forthcoming - Oxford England: Oxford University Press.
    This volume offers authoritative discussions of all aspects of Epicurus's philosophy and then traces out some of its most important subsequent influences throughout the Western intellectual tradition. Such a detailed and comprehensive study of Epicureanism is especially timely given the tremendous current revival of interest in Epicurus and his rivals, the Stoics. The thirty-one contributions in this volume offer an unmatched resource for all those wishing to deepen their knowledge of Epicurus' powerful arguments about happiness, death, and the nature of (...)
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  10. added 2020-06-16
    Meinong and Husserl on Existence. Two Solutions of the Paradox of Non-Existence.Giuliano Bacigalupo - 2014 - Philosophia Scientae 18:39-51.
    This paper analyzes and compares the attempts at solving the paradox of non-existence put forward by Alexius Meinong and Edmund Husserl. It will be argued that Meinong’s solution is not convincing since he retreats from the field of predicate logic, in which the paradox arises, to a version of propositional logic. On the other hand, Husserl´s approach is more promising since he moves forward to an extension of predicate logic, in which judgments may be evaluated in relation to different contexts (...)
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  11. added 2020-06-16
    Environmental Philosophy’s Challenge to Humanism: Revaluing Cosmopolitan Ethics.Hugh Mcdonald - 2009 - Free Inquiry 30:36-40.
  12. added 2020-05-26
    A Complementary Approach to Aristotle’s Account of Definition and Carnap’s Account of Explication.Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla - 2019 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 22 (1):19-40.
    In this paper it is argued that there are relevant similarities of Aristotle's account of definition and Carnap's account of explication. To show this, first, Aristotle's conditions of adequacy for definitions are provided and an outline of the main critique put forward against Aristotle's account of definition is given. Subsequently, Carnap's conditions of adequacy for explications are presented and discussed. It is shown that Aristotle's conditions of extensional correctness can be interpreted against the backdrop of Carnap's condition of similarity once (...)
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  13. added 2020-05-26
    Leibnizian Conservation in D’Alembert’s Traité de Dynamique.Tzuchien Tho - 2019 - In Lloyd Strickland & Julia Weckend (eds.), Leibniz’s Legacy and Impact. New York and Oxford: Routledge. pp. 129-164.
  14. added 2020-05-23
    In His Name.E. Christopher Reyes - unknown
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  15. added 2020-05-21
    Descartes' Physics.Edward Slowik - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    This is the online Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy entry for Descartes' physics.
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  16. added 2020-05-20
    Klassiker der Philosopie Heute.Ansgar Beckermann & Dominik Perler - 2004 - Stuttgart, Deutschland: Reclam.
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  17. added 2020-05-18
    The Alienation Effect in the Historiography of Philosophy.Dominik Perler - 2018 - In Marcel van Ackeren (ed.), Philosophy and the Historical Perspective. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 140-154.
    It has often been said that we should enter into a dialogue with thinkers of the past because they discussed they same problems we still have today and presented sophisticated solutions to them. I argue that this “dialogue model” ignores the specific context in which many problems were created and defined. A closer look at various contexts enables us to see that philosophical problems are not as natural as they might seem. When we contextualize them, we experience a healthy alienation (...)
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  18. added 2020-05-12
    Scotus Geometres: The Longevity of Duns Scotus’s Geometric Arguments Against Indivisibilism.Jean-Luc Solere - 2013 - In E. Mehl, M. Vollet & M. Dreyer (eds.), La posterité de Duns Scot / Die Rezeption des Duns Scotus / Scotism through the Centuries. Münster: pp. 139-154.
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  19. added 2020-05-11
    Teodors Celms: Fenomenoloģiskie Meklējumi.M. Kūle, Līva Muižniece & Uldis Vēgners - 2009 - Rīga: Lu Filozofijas Un Socioloģijas Institūts.
  20. added 2020-04-13
    Materialism.Alan Tapper - 2006 - In Anthony Grayling, Andrew Pyle & Naomi Goulder (eds.), The Continuum Encyclopaedia of British Philosophy, Volume 3. London, UK, and New York, USA: Thoemmes Continuum. pp. 2105-2106.
    Full-bodied materialism is a rarity in British philosophy. In fact, notable British materialists before recent times seem to number only two: Thomas Hobbes in the seventeenth century, and Joseph Priestley in the eighteenth. Their materialisms were attempts to construct a scientific ontology, but there the similarity ends, since they had very different ideas of the nature of science. Hobbes took science to be the study of motion, using Galilean geometric method; Priestley worked with a Newtonian methodology and conceived of matter (...)
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  21. added 2020-04-09
    Early Christian Ethics.Sarah Catherine Byers - 2017 - In Sacha Golob & Jens Timmermann (eds.), The Cambridge History of Moral Philosophy. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. pp. 112-124.
    G.E.M. Anscombe famously claimed that ‘the Hebrew-Christian ethic’ differs from consequentialist theories in its ability to ground the claim that killing the innocent is intrinsically wrong. According to Anscombe, this is owing to its legal character, rooted in the divine decrees of the Torah. Divine decrees confer a particular moral sense of ‘ought’ by which this and other act-types can be ‘wrong’ regardless of their consequences, she maintained. There is, of course, a potentially devastating counter-example. Within the Torah, Abraham is (...)
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  22. added 2020-03-26
    Philosophical Concepts in Physics. The Historical Relation Between Philosophy and Scientific Theories.Stephan Hartmann - 2000 - Erkenntnis 52 (1):133-137.
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  23. added 2020-03-22
    Post-Truth and the Return of Fascism.Sebastian Vattamattam - manuscript
    The Semitic myth of a savior/messiah has played a prominent metaphorical role in the socio-political history of the West. In the period of the Holy Roman Empire, the Christian God played the role of the Messiah. In the period of capitalist modernity, Reason played the same role, of course with the help of God, suitably reshaped by theology (the science of God). God and Reason conspired against Nature and the humans branded as pagans. This created innumerable problems and Fascism and (...)
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  24. added 2020-03-20
    Silêncio e Poesia em Teixeira de Pascoaes.Rodrigo Michell dos Santos Araujo - 2020 - Dissertation, Universidade Do Porto
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  25. added 2020-03-19
    Online Conferences: Some History, Methods, and Benefits.Nick Byrd - forthcoming - In Right Research: Modelling Sustainable Research Practices in the Anthropocene. United Kingdom: Open Book Publishers.
    Philosophers have probably been organizing conferences since at least the time of Plato’s academy (Barnes, 1998). More recently, philosophers have brought some of their conferences online (e.g., Brown, 2009; Buckner, Byrd, Rushing, & Schwenkler, 2017; Calzavarini & Viola, 2018; Nadelhoffer, 2006). However, the adoption of online conferences is limited. One might wonder if scholars prefer traditional conferences for their ability to provide goods that online conferences cannot. While this may be true, online conferences outshine traditional conferences in various ways, and (...)
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  26. added 2020-03-17
    Eric L. Johnson & Stanton L. Jones , Psychology and Christianity. Four Views. Downers Grove 2000: InterVarsity Press. ISBN 0830822631. [REVIEW]Bruce C. Wearne - 2003 - Philosophia Reformata 68 (1):91-93.
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  27. added 2020-03-17
    Deism and the Absence of Christian Sociology.Bruce C. Wearne - 2003 - Philosophia Reformata 68 (1):14-35.
    This article encourages a reconsideration of Christian sociology. It explains how deism makes a decisive impact in the theoretical foundations of the discipline. Dutch neocalvinistic philosophy in its North American immigrant setting after World War II issued a challenge which drew attention to the dogmas of deism implicit in sociology, but this challenge has not been met. Christian sociology, however, still retains its God-given vocation to find ways to encourage people everywhere to positively form complex differentiated social settings in the (...)
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  28. added 2020-03-16
    Domestic Analogy E Globalizzazione. Riflessioni Su Rethinking the Domestic Analogy in a Global Age di Chiara Bottici.Elisa Orrù - 2010 - Jura Gentium 7 (1):140-142.
  29. added 2020-03-11
    La questione della decadenzaL Henry Miller e 'il tramonto dell'Occidente'.Roberto Limonta - 1997 - Annali Della Facoltà di Lettere E Filosofia 50 (2):127-152.
    L'articolo affronta il rapporto tra Henry Miller e Il tramonto dell'Occidente di OSwald Spengler, oggetto di una lettura approfondita e appassionata. Temi centrali sono quelli della decadenza della civiltà e delle vie d'uscita in chiave vitalistica e letteraria, da questo declino.
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  30. added 2020-03-10
    Reinhold and the Promise of a Higher Metaphysics.Kienhow Goh - 2018 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 56 (2):193-215.
    While Reinhold was no doubt interested in harnessing Kantian practical reason as a rational ground for our fundamental religious convictions, it remains unclear as to whether he reserves any role for theoretical or speculative reason in moral faith, and if so, what. This paper argues that he continues to assign an important role to speculative reason in the establishment and dissemination of a “religion of reason” in his efforts across three major texts of the Jena period (namely, the 1786-87 Letters (...)
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  31. added 2020-03-10
    A questão do sentido e do sagrado na modernidade.Marcelo Perine - 2014 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 59 (1):174-193.
    The paper begins with an understanding of modernity in terms of an anthropological turn that characterizes Western culture from the seventeenth century. The figures of Descartes and Hobbes indicate, respectively, the discovery of subjectivity and the invention of the individual. Then reflects on the problem of God in philosophical discourse: the attitude of faith is thematized in the understanding of man as image of God and the world as rational structure teleologically ordered toward God. Finally, the paper proposes the understanding (...)
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  32. added 2020-03-06
    Democritus (C. 460 - C. 370 BCE).Monte Johnson - 2011 - Classical and Medieval Literature Criticism 136:257-259.
    Encyclopedia article on Democritus. Includes a brief overview of his philosophical views, major works, and critical reception.
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  33. added 2020-03-05
    Epicureanism by Tim O'Keefe. [REVIEW]Monte Johnson - 2012 - Aestimatio 9:108.
  34. added 2020-03-01
    Anche il mare sogna. Filosofie dei flutti.Luciano De Fiore (ed.) - 2013 - Rome: Editori Internazionali Riuniti.
    A philosophical history of the sea, through the reflections of the philosophers. From Ancient Greece, to contemporary philosophy: myths and traditions, storms, sirens, navigation and exchanges.
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  35. added 2020-02-26
    Visualität Und Geschichte. Bilder Als Historische Akteure Im Anschluss an Verkörperungstheorien.Martina Sauer - 2015 - In Claus Oberhauser Niels Grüne (ed.), Jenseits des Illustrativen : visuelle Medien und Strategien politischer Kommunikation. Göttingen, Germany: V&R uni press Göttingen. pp. 39-60.
    Special commendation from the Hans-und-Lea-Grundig Prize by the Rosa-Luxemburg-Foundation 2015 -- I -- Do have pictures an impact on future? Yes, say theories of embodiment by making perceptual foundations in place of representational arrangements responsible for it. -- I -- Wirken sich Bildern auf die Zukunft aus? Ja sagen Verkörperungstheorien und machen dafür weniger Repräsentationsmodelle als Wahrnehmungsweisen verantwortlich.
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  36. added 2020-02-25
    La naturaleza imaginada: ¿Es matemático el mundo?Rafael Andrés Alemañ-Berenguer - 2015 - Moscú, Rusia: Editorial URSS.
    Estamos tan habituados a que la ciencia describa la realidad mediante ecuaciones de asombrosa eficacia que raramente nos detenemos a pensar en la gentileza que demuestra el mundo prestándose a ello. ¿Por qué la naturaleza obedece reglas matemáticas tan magníficamente precisas? ¿Es genuinamente matemático el mundo, o tan sólo parece serlo la parte que podemos descubrir de él? Estas y otras cuestiones con ellas relacionadas se discuten en el contenido de esta obra, donde se traza el apasionante viaje que ha (...)
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  37. added 2020-02-23
    The Age of Trickery.Ghislain Guigon - manuscript
    This is partly fictional. It is chiefly a reconstruction (not always faithful) of Hume’s fundamental uses of notions of similarity, mostly based on Enquiry. It is the first part (out of four) of a monograph on the evolution of similarity toolmaking. Histories of doctrines are common in our discipline, not so for histories of tools; this is what it’s about. What’s disturbing: I write as if I were talking about the customs and beliefs of ancient tribes instead of real philosophers. (...)
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  38. added 2020-02-17
    Goethe’s Contribution to Philosophy: The Morphology of Individuality.Steen Brock - 2019 - SATS 20 (1):35-52.
    In this essay, I will discuss a variety of considerations that Goethe expressed in his writings. I will with few exceptions address these writings in chronological order. I include both literary and scientific-philosophical works. In this way I hope to show that a certain theme is at the heart of Goethe’s thinking, and that Goethe’s later works expresses a sophisticated and “deep” account of this theme. In addition, I will try to explain how one can ascribe this Goethean theme to (...)
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  39. added 2020-02-13
    De Canguilhem a Foucault, em torno da Psicologia.Marcio Miotto - 2019 - Cadernos de Ética E Filosofia Política 2 (35):112-142.
    O presente trabalho pretende comparar o debate ocorrido entre Georges Canguilhem e Robert Pagès em Qu’est-ce que la Psychologie?, de 1956, com os escritos de Michel Foucault publicados nos anos 1950. Para isso, após alguns apontamentos históricos, faz-se uma breve análise dos textos de Foucault publicados em 1954, Maladie Mentale et Personnalité e a Introduction à Le Rêve et l’Existence. Os textos de Foucault são então confrontados com o debate entre Canguilhem e Robert Pagès, que por sua vez são analisados (...)
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  40. added 2020-02-04
    The Christian Philosophy of Miracle: Ideas of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke.Valentin Yakovlev - 2019 - TSU Publishing House.
    The author of the monograph is a Candidate of Culturology, Associate Professor of Tyumen State University. The monograph tests approaches to the understanding of the essence of Hobbes’s and Locke’s ideas about miracles that are more flexible than a formational-evolutionist approach. The monograph presents the main characteristics of these ideas as Christian philosophical ones, shows their general Christian direction and the historiographic perspective of studying these ideas primarily in line with Christian philosophy. The monograph is intended for experts in the (...)
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  41. added 2020-01-21
    Warburg Und Die Natur(-Wissenschaft): Affektpsychologische Fundierung von Kultur Im Hamburger Kreis Um Warburg, Cassirer Und Werner Und Deren Nachwirkungen.Martina Sauer - 2020 - Visual Past, 5/2018, Special Issue: Image Senses.
    What distinguishes humans form animals? Acknowledging that humans are part of nature, that can process psychologically their affective-vital reactions to nature, and thus be held responsible for cultural processes, is the result of art historical, cultural-philosophical and life science research over the past two centuries. This line of argumentation led to the consideration that there must also be a connection between affective-psychological reactions and formal, a-historical mechanisms that are usually used by the arts. However, influenced by classical aesthetic theory, no (...)
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  42. added 2020-01-09
    God in Himself: Scripture, Metaphysics, and the Task of Christian Theology.Steven J. Duby - 2019 - InterVarsity Press.
    How do we know God? Can we know God as he is in himself? These longstanding questions have been addressed by Christian theologians throughout the church's history. Some, such as Thomas Aquinas, have argued that we know God through both natural and supernatural revelation, while others, especially Karl Barth, have argued that we know God only on the basis of the incarnation. Contemporary discussions of these issues sometimes give the impression that we have to choose between a speculative doctrine of (...)
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  43. added 2020-01-04
    Rethinking the History of the Productive Imagination in Relation to Common Sense.John Krummel - 2019 - In Suzi Adams & Jeremy Smith (eds.), Social Imaginaries: Critical Interventions. London: Rowman & Littlefield, International. pp. 45-75.
    The imagination—Einbildung—as its German makes clear is the faculty of formation. But this formative activity in various ways through the history of its concept has been intimately related to the concept of common sense, whether understood as the sense that gathers, orders, and makes coherent the various sense, or as the sensibility of the community. This contribution seeks to unfold that history of the concept of the creative or productive imagination while also tracing the parallel history of the concept of (...)
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  44. added 2019-12-26
    David Hume’un Kozmolojik Argüman Eleştirisi.Soner Soysal - 2016 - Ethos: Dialogues in Philosophy and Social Sciences 9 (1):77-96.
    David Hume’un Doğal Din Üzerine Diyaloglar kitabı, başlığının da ima ettiği gibi, vahiy metinlerine başvurmadan Tanrı’nın varlığına ve niteliklerine ulaşılıp ulaşılamayacağını araştıran bir metindir. Metin boyunca, felsefe tarihinde de gördüğümüz, iki ana yaklaşımı temsil eden iki temel argüman sunulur. Bunlardan ilki, a priori yaklaşımı temsil eden kozmolojik argümandır. Diğeri ise, a posteriori yaklaşımı temsi eden zeki tasarım argümanıdır. Bu yazıda, Hume’un, diyalogdaki Philo karakteri üzerinden ortaya koyduğu, kozmolojik argümana yönelik eleştirileri ele alınıp, böyle bir argümanın neden Tanrı’nın varlığı ve nitelikleri (...)
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  45. added 2019-12-18
    …You Have to Bear to Be Measure.Barbara Cassin, Vsevolod Khoma, Amina Kkhelufi, Daria-Aseniia Kolomiiets & Olha Simoroz - 2019 - Sententiae 38 (2):151-164.
    First, I love Greek language, a language which allow me to perceive what a language is, and what translation could mean. Then, I think it is because of Heidegger. At the time, we used to study classical antiquity and the pre-socratics through Heidegger and Nietzsche’s work. My own philosophical question was : « Is it possible to be Presocratic in some other way than the Heideggerian one? » The answer determinated my interest and passion for the sophists. I found it (...)
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  46. added 2019-12-12
    Nietzsche's Early Political Thinking II: "The Greek State".Timothy H. Wilson - 2013 - Minerva - An Internet Journal of Philosophy 17 (1).
    This paper uses an extended discussion of Nietzsche’s essay “The Greek State” to uncover the political aspects of his early thinking. The paper builds on a similar discussion of another essay from the same period, “Homer on Competition,” in arguing that Nietzsche’s thinking is based on a confrontation with the work of Plato. It is argued that the key to understanding “The Greek State” is seeing it, in its entirety, as an enigmatic interpretation and re-writing of Plato’s Republic. Nietzsche interprets (...)
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  47. added 2019-12-09
    Book Review - Sofia Miguens, 2019. Uma Leitura da Filosofia Contemporânea. Figuras e Movimentos. Lisboa: Edições 70. [REVIEW]Diana Couto & Sílvia Bento - 2019 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 75 (3):1979-1996.
  48. added 2019-12-07
    A Composite Taxonomy of Critical Thinking Dispositions.W. Martin Davies - manuscript
    This paper develops a taxonomy of critical thinking dispositions using dispositional formulations identified over 40 years of research in the area. Critical thinking dispositions refer to the ‘habits’, ‘virtues’ or ‘intellectual character’ that prompts people to exercise their critical thinking skills. As such, they are as vital as the skills themselves. A person may be skilled in analysis, evaluation, or forming inferences, but without a disposition to do so, skills are impotent. Educating for critical thinking—both skills and dispositions—is an increasingly (...)
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  49. added 2019-11-14
    The Tension in Critical Compatibilism.Robert H. Wallace - forthcoming - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-12.
    Paul Russell’s The Limits of Free Will is more than the sum of its parts. Among other things, Limits offers readers a comprehensive look at Russell’s attack on the problematically idealized assumptions of the contemporary free will debate. This idealization, he argues, distorts the reality of our human predicament. Herein I pose a dilemma for Russell’s position, critical compatibilism. The dilemma illuminates the tension between Russell’s critical and compatibilist commitments. The problem is not obviously insurmountable, and as a compatibilist who (...)
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  50. added 2019-11-14
    Henry Jackson Watt.Will Britt - 2018 - In Evan Clarke & Andrea Staiti (eds.), The Sources of Husserl’s 'Ideas I'. De Gruyter. pp. 35-38.
    A biographical account of Watt's early 20th century work in experimental psychology, with philosophical evaluation of his significance as marking a middle position between Wundt's third-person experimental work and Husserl's first-person phenomenology. The piece goes on to interpret Husserl's Ideas I response to Watt's critique of self-observation.
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