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  1. added 2020-06-16
    R. A. Sharpe. Validity and the Paradox of Confirmation. The Philosophical Quarterly , Vol. 14 , Pp. 170–173. [REVIEW]David Kaplan - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (2):251.
  2. added 2020-04-02
    Channels’ Confirmation and Predictions’ Confirmation: From the Medical Test to the Raven Paradox.Chenguang Lu - 2020 - Entropy 22 (4):384.
    After long arguments between positivism and falsificationism, the verification of universal hypotheses was replaced with the confirmation of uncertain major premises. Unfortunately, Hemple proposed the Raven Paradox. Then, Carnap used the increment of logical probability as the confirmation measure. So far, many confirmation measures have been proposed. Measure F proposed by Kemeny and Oppenheim among them possesses symmetries and asymmetries proposed by Elles and Fitelson, monotonicity proposed by Greco et al., and normalizing property suggested by many researchers. Based on the (...)
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  3. added 2020-03-28
    Resolving the Raven Paradox: Simple Random Sampling, Stratified Random Sampling, and Inference to the Best Explanation.Barry Ward - manuscript
    We object to standard, simple random sampling resolutions of the raven paradox on the grounds that they relevantly diverge from scientific practice. In response, we develop a stratified random sampling model. It provides a better fit and apparently rehabilitates simple random sampling resolutions as legitimate idealizations of that practice. However, neither simple nor stratified models fare well with a second concern, the objection from potential bias. In response, we develop a third model on which we systematically check kinds of ways (...)
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  4. added 2020-02-11
    Methodology, Epistemology, and Philosophy: Essays in Honour of Wolfgang Stegmüller on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday.Brent Mundy - 1989 - Philosophy of Science 56 (2):361-362.
  5. added 2019-11-25
    Hypothetico-Deductive Confirmation.Jan Sprenger - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (7):497-508.
    Hypothetico-deductive (H-D) confirmation builds on the idea that confirming evidence consists of successful predictions that deductively follow from the hypothesis under test. This article reviews scope, history and recent development of the venerable H-D account: First, we motivate the approach and clarify its relationship to Bayesian confirmation theory. Second, we explain and discuss the tacking paradoxes which exploit the fact that H-D confirmation gives no account of evidential relevance. Third, we review several recent proposals that aim at a sounder and (...)
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  6. added 2019-06-06
    Reichenbach Hans. The Verifiability Theory of Meaning. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Vol. 80 No. 1 , Pp. 46–60.Hempel Carl G.. The Concept of Cognitive Significance: A Reconsideration. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Vol. 80 No. 1 , Pp. 61–77.Bergmann Gustav. Comments on Professor Hempel's “The Concept of Cognitive Significance.” Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Vol. 80 No. 1 , Pp. 78–86. [REVIEW]William H. Hay - 1952 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 17 (2):134-136.
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  7. added 2019-06-03
    Abner Shimony. Coherence and the Axioms of Confirmation. The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 20 , Pp. 1–28. - R. Sherman Lehman. On Confirmation and Rational Betting. The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 20 , Pp. 251–262. - John G. Kemeny. Fair Bets and Inductive Probabilities. The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 20 , Pp. 263–273. [REVIEW]Frederic Schick - 1968 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (3):481-482.
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  8. added 2019-06-03
    R. H. Vincent. The Paradoxes of Confirmation. Mind, N.S. Vol. 73 , Pp. 273–279. [REVIEW]David Kaplan - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (2):250-251.
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  9. added 2018-08-02
    Counterfactuals and the 'Grue-Speaker'.Alfred Schramm - manuscript
    Freitag (2015) and Schramm (2014) have proposed different, although converging, solutions of Goodman’s New Riddle of Induction. Answering their proposals, Dorst (2016 and 2018) has used the fictitious character of a ‘grue-speaker’ as his principal device for criticizing counterfactual-based treatments of the Riddle. In this paper, I argue that Dorst’s arguments fail: On the observation of no other than green emeralds, the ‘grue-speaker’ cannot use the symmetry between the ‘green’- and ‘grue’-languages for claiming ‘grue’- instead of ‘green’-evidence, and the counterfactuals (...)
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  10. added 2018-02-17
    Discussion: Re‐Solving Irrelevant Conjunction with Probabilistic Independence.James Hawthorne & Branden Fitelson - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (4):505-514.
    Naive deductivist accounts of confirmation have the undesirable consequence that if E confirms H, then E also confirms the conjunction H·X, for any X—even if X is completely irrelevant to E and H. Bayesian accounts of confirmation may appear to have the same problem. In a recent article in this journal Fitelson (2002) argued that existing Bayesian attempts to resolve of this problem are inadequate in several important respects. Fitelson then proposes a new‐and‐improved Bayesian account that overcomes the problem of (...)
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  11. added 2017-02-15
    Humanistic Interpretation Between Hempel and Popper.Francesco Coniglione - 1996 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 47:283-302.
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  12. added 2017-02-13
    On the Equivalence of Goodman’s and Hempel’s Paradoxes.Kenneth Boyce - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 45:32-42.
    Historically, Nelson Goodman’s paradox involving the predicates ‘grue’ and ‘bleen’ has been taken to furnish a serious blow to Carl Hempel’s theory of confirmation in particular and to purely formal theories of confirmation in general. In this paper, I argue that Goodman’s paradox is no more serious of a threat to Hempel’s theory of confirmation than is Hempel’s own paradox of the ravens. I proceed by developing a suggestion from R. D. Rosenkrantz into an argument for the conclusion that these (...)
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  13. added 2017-02-11
    Review: Carl G. Hempel, Aspects of Scientific Explanation. [REVIEW]Asa Kasher - 1972 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 37 (4):747-749.
  14. added 2017-02-11
    Review: Hugues Leblanc, Evidence Logique Et Degre de Confirmation. [REVIEW]Richard Montague - 1960 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (1):86-86.
  15. added 2017-02-11
    Review: Carl G. Hempel, Fundamentals of Concept Formation in Empirical Science. [REVIEW]Edward Poznański - 1958 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (3):353-354.
  16. added 2017-02-11
    Review: Karl R. Popper, Degree of Confirmation. [REVIEW]John G. Kemeny - 1955 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 20 (3):304-305.
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  17. added 2017-02-11
    Review: Carl G. Hempel, Paul Oppenheim, Studies in the Logic of Explanation. [REVIEW]Thomas Storer - 1949 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 14 (2):133-133.
  18. added 2017-02-11
    Review: C. G. Hempel, On the Nature of Mathematical Truth. [REVIEW]Charles A. Baylis - 1946 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 11 (3):100-100.
  19. added 2017-02-11
    Review: Olaf Helmer, Paul Oppenheim, A Syntatical Definition of Probability and of Degree of Confirmation. [REVIEW]Max Black - 1946 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 11 (1):17-18.
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  20. added 2017-02-11
    Review: C. H. Whiteley, Hempel's Paradoxes of Confirmation. [REVIEW]Max Black - 1945 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 10 (3):104-104.
  21. added 2017-02-11
    Review: Carl G. Hempel, A Purely Syntactical Definition of Confirmation. [REVIEW]Max Black - 1944 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 9 (2):47-47.
  22. added 2017-02-11
    Review: Janina Hosiasson-Lindenbaum, On Confirmation. [REVIEW]Saunders MacLane - 1941 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 6 (2):63-63.
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  23. added 2017-02-11
    Review: Carl G. Hempel, Vagueness and Logic. [REVIEW]Ernest Nagel - 1939 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 4 (2):100-100.
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  24. added 2017-02-11
    Review: Janina Lindenbaum-Hosiasson, On Confirmation. [REVIEW]Ernest Nagel - 1939 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 4 (4):169-169.
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  25. added 2017-02-11
    Review: Carl G. Hempel, A Purely Topological Form of Non-Aristotelian Logic. [REVIEW]Paul Bernays - 1938 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 3 (2):91-92.
  26. added 2017-02-07
    A Rejoinder to Professor Hempel's Reply.J. W. N. Watkins - 1958 - Philosophy 33 (127):349 - 355.
    Object of this reply. A chap like myself, who struggles along with an amateur's box of logical tools, is bound to feel uneasy when his arguments are probed by the kind of logical precision-instruments which Professor Hempel manipulates so effortlessly. Yet after painstakingly working over his technical arguments, and after appealing for expert assistance on matters outside my competence,1 I have reached the surprising and agreeable conclusion that my argument stands intact and that Professor Hempel's criticisms reveal once more the (...)
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  27. added 2017-02-01
    The Logic of Theory Assessment.Franz Huber - 2007 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 36 (5):511-538.
    This paper starts by indicating the analysis of Hempel's conditions of adequacy for any relation of confirmation (Hempel, 1945) as presented in Huber (submitted). There I argue contra Carnap (1962, Section 87) that Hempel felt the need for two concepts of confirmation: one aiming at plausible theories and another aiming at informative theories. However, he also realized that these two concepts are conflicting, and he gave up the concept of confirmation aiming at informative theories. The main part of the paper (...)
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  28. added 2017-02-01
    A Paradox in Hempel's Criterion of Maximal Specificity.Roger M. Cooke - 1981 - Philosophy of Science 48 (2):327-328.
  29. added 2017-02-01
    On Hempel's Rejection of Complete Verifiability.Robert W. Beard & Robert W. Loftin - 1974 - Philosophical Studies 25 (3):227 - 229.
  30. added 2017-02-01
    Hempel's Ambiguity.J. Alberto Coffa - 1974 - Synthese 28 (2):141 - 163.
  31. added 2017-02-01
    On Confirmation.Janina Hosiasson-Lindenbaum - 1940 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 5 (4):133-148.
  32. added 2017-01-31
    Genuine Coherence as Mutual Confirmation Between Content Elements.Michael Schippers & Gerhard Schurz - 2017 - Studia Logica 105 (2):299-329.
    The concepts of coherence and confirmation are closely intertwined: according to a prominent proposal coherence is nothing but mutual confirmation. Accordingly, it should come as no surprise that both are confronted with similar problems. As regards Bayesian confirmation measures these are illustrated by the problem of tacking by conjunction. On the other hand, Bayesian coherence measures face the problem of belief individuation. In this paper we want to outline the benefit of an approach to coherence and confirmation based on content (...)
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  33. added 2017-01-31
    The Paradox of Confirmation.L. J. Good - 1960 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 11 (42):145-b-145.
  34. added 2017-01-31
    Hempel Carl G.. A Logical Appraisal of Operationism. The Scientific Monthly, Vol. 79 , Pp. 215–220.Henry Mehlberg - 1958 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (3):354-356.
  35. added 2017-01-31
    Hempel Carl G. And Oppenheim Paul. A Definition of “Degree of Confirmation.” Philosophy of Science, Vol. 12 , Pp. 98–115. [REVIEW]Max Black - 1946 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 11 (1):18-19.
  36. added 2017-01-30
    Incoherence and Inconsistency.Michael Schippers - 2014 - Review of Symbolic Logic 7 (3):511-528.
  37. added 2017-01-30
    The Paradox of Confirmation.I. J. Good - 1961 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 12 (45):63-64.
  38. added 2017-01-24
    Review: Gustav Bergmann, Philipp G. Frank, Sense and Nonsense in Operationism; Carl G. Hempel, A Logical Appraisal of Operationism. [REVIEW]Atwell R. Turquette - 1960 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (3):255-256.
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  39. added 2017-01-24
    Review: Carl G. Hempel, A Logical Appraisal of Operationism. [REVIEW]Henry Mehlberg - 1958 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (3):354-356.
  40. added 2017-01-24
    Review: John E. Freund, On the Problem of Confirmation. [REVIEW]Hilary Putnam - 1958 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (1):76-77.
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  41. added 2017-01-24
    Review: Rupert Crawshay-Williams, Equivocal Confirmation. [REVIEW]Hilary Putnam - 1957 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 22 (4):406-407.
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  42. added 2017-01-24
    Review: Georg Henrik von Wright, On Confirmation. [REVIEW]Carl G. Hempel - 1950 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 14 (4):248-248.
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  43. added 2017-01-24
    Review: Carl G. Hempel, A Note on the Paradoxes of Confirmation. [REVIEW]Max Black - 1946 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 11 (4):124-124.
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  44. added 2017-01-24
    Review: Carl G. Hempel, Paul Oppenheim, A Definition of "Degree of Confirmation.". [REVIEW]Max Black - 1946 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 11 (1):18-19.
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  45. added 2016-12-12
    “The Ravens Paradox” is a Misnomer.Roger Clarke - 2010 - Synthese 175 (3):427-440.
    I argue that the standard Bayesian solution to the ravens paradox— generally accepted as the most successful solution to the paradox—is insufficiently general. I give an instance of the paradox which is not solved by the standard Bayesian solution. I defend a new, more general solution, which is compatible with the Bayesian account of confirmation. As a solution to the paradox, I argue that the ravens hypothesis ought not to be held equivalent to its contrapositive; more interestingly, I argue that (...)
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  46. added 2016-12-08
    The Raven Paradox.John-Michael Kuczynski - 2016 - Amazon Digital Services LLC.
    "All ravens are black" is logically but not confirmationally equivalent with "all non-black things are non-ravens." But this is impossible, given that logical equivalence guarantees confirmational equivalence. In this paper, this paradox is solved.
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  47. added 2016-12-08
    Queries on Hempel’s Solution to the Paradoxes of Confirmation.Dun Xinguo - 2007 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 2 (1):131-139.
    To solve the highly counterintuitive paradox of confirmation represented by the statement, “A pair of red shoes confirms that all ravens are black,” Hempel employed a strategy that retained the equivalence condition but abandoned Nicod’s irrelevance condition. However, his use of the equivalence condition is fairly ad hoc, raising doubts about its applicability to this problem. Furthermore, applying the irrelevance condition from Nicod’s criterion does not necessarily lead to paradoxes, nor does discarding it prevent the emergence of paradoxes. Hempel’s approach (...)
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  48. added 2016-12-08
    A Comparative Treatment of the Paradox of Confirmation.Ram-Prasad Chakravarthi - 2002 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 30 (4):339-358.
  49. added 2016-12-08
    The Ravens, Hempel and Goodman.C. A. Hooker - 1971 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 49 (1):82-89.
  50. added 2016-06-30
    Confirmation Versus Falsificationism.Ray Scott Percival - 2015 - In Robin L. Cautin & Scott O. Lilienfeld (eds.), Encyclopedia of Clinical Psychology.
    Confirmation and falsification are different strategies for testing theories and characterizing the outcomes of those tests. Roughly speaking, confirmation is the act of using evidence or reason to verify or certify that a statement is true, definite, or approximately true, whereas falsification is the act of classifying a statement as false in the light of observation reports. After expounding the intellectual history behind confirmation and falsificationism, reaching back to Plato and Aristotle, I survey some of the main controversial issues and (...)
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1 — 50 / 91