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Aug 10th 2020 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  23
    Freedom and Ethical Necessity: A Kantian Response to Ulrich.Katerina Deligiorgi - 2019 - In Practical Philosophy from Kant to Hegel: Freedom, Right, Revolution. Cambridge University Press.
    The paper starts with outlining the problems of determinism presented in Ulrich's Eleuthériologie and then examines what resources are available to Kant to address these problems. Although the initial focus is historical, one of the aims is to show that the problems with determinism continue to be live problems for those who seek to defend Kant's theory. So the attempt to seek resources in Kant to address these problems will also involve an attempt to offer a diagnosis of what is (...)
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Aug 8th 2020 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  3
    Sketch of Some Themes for a Pragmatist Philosophy of Science.James Woodward - unknown
    This paper sketches one possible form that a pragmatist philosophy of science might take. It defends general philosophy of science, although not in the form it has traditionally taken, and along with this, a focus on methodology as a legitimate concern for philosophers of science. Connections are made between some classical pragmatist themes and issues in contemporary philosophy of science. My intention is to be provocative.
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  2.  41
    Sketch for a Theory of the History of Philosophy.Uriah Kriegel - manuscript
    My aims in this essay are two. First (§§1-4), I want to get clear on the very idea of a theory of the history of philosophy, the idea of an overarching account of the evolution of philosophical reflection since the inception of written philosophy. And secondly (§§5-8), I want to actually sketch such a global theory of the history of philosophy, which I call the two-streams theory.
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Aug 7th 2020 GMT
New books
  1.  3
    Independent Opinions?Franz Dietrich & Kai Spiekermann - manuscript
    Democratic decision-making is often defended on grounds of the ‘wisdom of crowds’: decisions are more likely to be correct if they are based on many independent opinions, so a typical argument in social epistemology. But what does it mean to have independent opinions? Opinions can be probabilistically dependent even if individuals form their opinion in causal isolation from each other. We distinguish four probabilistic notions of opinion independence. Which of them holds depends on how individuals are causally affected by environmental (...)
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  2.  6
    What a Dualist Should Say About the Exclusion Argument.Christian List & Daniel Stoljar - manuscript
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volume 64, issue , 2020
  1.  3
    Modern Moral Philosophy Before and After.Constantine Sandis
    This paper argues that there was considerably more philosophy of action in moral theory before 1958 than there has been since. This is in part because Anscombe influenced the formation of 'virtue theory' as yet another position within normative ethics, and her work contributed to the fashioning of 'moral psychology' as an altogether distinct branch of moral philosophy.
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forthcoming articles
  1.  6
    Analyzing Hope : The Live Possibility Account.Carl-Johan Palmqvist
    The orthodox definition of hope suffers from an exclusion problem: it is unable to exclude subjects without hope. In fact, the orthodox definition even allows for despair to be falsely classified as hope. This problem suggests two basic desiderata for a successful analysis of hope; it should solve the exclusion problem, and it should have the resources to explain why, in a given situation, a subject does or does not form a hope. Bearing these desiderata in mind, I assess two (...)
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Manuscripts
  1.  4
    The Teacher Bandwidth Problem: MOOCs, Connectivism and Collaborative Knowledge.Spyridon Palermos & Ben Kotzee - unknown
    Massive Open Online Courses have, in recent years, become increasingly popular. An important challenge facing MOOCs is the ‘teacher bandwidth problem’: In the MOOC environment, where there are potentially hundreds of thousands of students, it is impossible for a few teachers to interact with individual students—there is not enough ‘teacher bandwidth’. According to Siemens and Downes’s theory of ‘connectivism’ one can make up for the lack of teacher bandwidth by relying on collaboration between students; philosophically speaking, however, this theory is (...)
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  2.  11
    Killing Schrodinger's Cat: Why Macroscopic Quantum Superpositions Are Impossible In Principle.Andrew Knight - manuscript
    The Schrodinger's Cat and Wigner's Friend thought experiments, which logically follow from the universality of quantum mechanics at all scales, have been repeatedly characterized as possible in principle, if perhaps difficult or impossible for all practical purposes. I show in this paper why these experiments, and interesting macroscopic superpositions in general, are actually impossible in principle. First, no macroscopic superposition can be created via the slow process of natural quantum packet dispersion because all macroscopic objects are inundated with decohering interactions (...)
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  3.  10
    The Abstract Liberty Presupposed by Libertarianism.J. C. Lester - manuscript
    Libertarianism (and classical liberalism, of which it is a subset) presupposes a specific, but implicit, conception of liberty. Imagine two lists of property-rights: one list is all those that are libertarian and the other is all those that are not. What determines into which list a property-right is assigned? If libertarianism is really about liberty, then it can only be whether the property-right better fits what liberty is in a more abstract sense than property. Therefore, it greatly clarifies matters to (...)
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Aug 6th 2020 GMT
volume 1, issue 1, 2020
  1.  1
    Why Choosing Philosophy?Andrea Vestrucci
    This paper is a letter never sent to philosopher, and friend, Ágnes Heller. In this letter I ideally discuss with her the qualities and the defaults of philosophy in contemporary world, while engaging some of her recent positions on the topic. First, I outline some epistemological issues in philosophy, and I confront them with science. Then, I deepen the distinction between academic and public aspects of philosophy, and the “Great Divide” between analytic and continental trends, and I present a possible (...)
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volume 13, issue 2, 2019
  1.  9
    Don’T Join the Joyride:Individual Responsibility for Large Scale Problems.Kjetil Mangset Skjerve & Trygve Lavik
    The paper argues that, counter to Walter Sinnott-Armostrong and Ewen Kingston’s view, we are morally required to refrain from joyguzzling, i.e., driving a fuel-inefficient car for no other purpose than having a good time. It is undisputed that joyguzzling is an example of a situation where the uncoordinated actions of a large group of individuals lead to an undesirable outcome. Additionally, it is highly unlikely that any one individual’s actions will have a significant impact on that outcome. But there are (...)
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Manuscripts
  1.  24
    From Quantum Entanglement to Spatiotemporal Distance.Alyssa Ney - manuscript
    Within the field of quantum gravity, there is an influential research program developing the connection between quantum entanglement and spatiotemporal distance. Quantum information theory gives us highly refined tools for quantifying quantum entanglement such as the entanglement entropy. Through a series of well-confirmed results, it has been shown how these facts about the entanglement entropy of component systems may be connected to facts about spatiotemporal distance. Physicists are seeing these results as yielding promising methods for better understanding the emergence of (...)
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Aug 5th 2020 GMT
volume 98, issue 3, 2019
  1.  26
    On the Origins of Old Evidence.Benjamin Eva & Stephan Hartmann
    The problem of old evidence, first described by Glymour [1980], is still widely regarded as one of the most pressing foundational challenges to the Bayesian account of scientific reasoning. Many so...
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Manuscripts
  1.  41
    Presupposition and Consent.Jonathan Ichikawa - manuscript
    I argue that ‘consent’ language presupposes that the contemplated action is or would be at someone else’s behest. When one does something for another reason — for example, when one elects independently to do something, or when one accepts an invitation to do something — it is linguistically inappropriate to describe the actor as ‘consenting’ to it; but it is also inappropriate to describe them as ‘not consenting’ to it. A consequence of this idea is that ‘consent’ is poorly suited (...)
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Aug 4th 2020 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  47
    Two-Dimensional Deference.J. Dmitri Gallow - manuscript
    Principles of expert deference say that you should align your credences with those of an expert. This expert could be your doctor, your future, better informed self, or the objective chances. These kinds of principles face difficulties in cases in which you are uncertain of the truth-conditions of the thoughts in which you invest credence, as well as cases in which the thoughts have different truth-conditions for you and the expert. For instance, you shouldn't defer to your doctor by aligning (...)
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Aug 3rd 2020 GMT
New books
  1.  38
    Para Todxs: Natal - uma introdução à lógica formal.P. D. Magnus, Tim Button, Aaron Thomas Bolduc, Richard Zach, Daniel Durante & Maria da Paz Nunes de Medeiros - manuscript
    Livro-texto de introdução à lógica, com (mais do que) pitadas de filosofia da lógica, produzido como uma versão revista e ampliada do livro Forallx: Calgary. Trata-se de uma versão rascunho, (0.4), ainda inacabada, que deverá estar pronta para publicação até o início de 2021. Comentários, críticas, correções e sugestões são muito bem-vindos.
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  2.  38
    Precis of Games: Agency as Art.C. Thi Nguyen - manuscript
    Games are a distinctive form of art — and very different from many traditional arts. Games work in the medium of agency. Game designers don’t just tell stories or create environments. They tell us what our abilities will be in the game. They set our motivations, by setting the scoring system and specifying the win-conditions. Game de-signers sculpt temporary agencies for us to occupy. And when we play games, we adopt these designed agencies, submerging ourselves in them, and taking on (...)
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Aug 2nd 2020 GMT
volume 11, issue 2, 2020
  1.  4
    ‘I Have Regained Memory’ (Smṛtir Labdhā): The Bhagavad Gītā as a Parrhesiastic Journey Against Forgetfulness.Raquel Ferrández-Formoso
    This paper proposes an interdisciplinary reading of the Bhagavad Gītā, presenting it as a parrhesiastic dialogue between Kṛṣṇa and Arjuna, and focusing on the importance attached to memory. Foucault’s studies on the exercise of parrhesia in the Greco-Roman context, but also Heidegger's views on the original memory, and Abhinavagupta’s commentary to the Bhagavad Gītā have been used as important tools of interpretation. Devotion is described as the constant memory of Kṛṣṇa, through which the practitioner succeeds in substituting some subconscious dispositions (...)
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  2.  11
    A Russellian Analysis of Buddhist Catuskoti.Nicholaos Jones
    Names name, but there are no individuals who are named by names. This is the key to an elegant and ideologically parsimonious strategy for analyzing the Buddhist catuṣkoṭi. The strategy is ideologically parsimonious, because it appeals to no analytic resources beyond those of standard predicate logic. The strategy is elegant, because it is, in effect, an application of Bertrand Russell's theory of definite descriptions to Buddhist contexts. The strategy imposes some minor adjustments upon Russell's theory. Attention to familiar catuṣkoṭi from (...)
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  3.  4
    Cutting Corners: A Critical Note on Priest’s Five-Valued Catuṣkoṭi.Andreas Kapsner
    Graham Priest has offered a rational reconstruction of Buddhist thought that involves, first, modeling the Catuṣkoṭi by a four valued logic, and then later adding a fifth value, read as “ineffability”. This note examines that fifth value and raises some concerns about it that seem grave enough to reject it. It then sketches an alternative to Priest’s account that has no need for the fifth value.
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  4.  4
    Izutsu’s Zen Metaphysics of I-Consciousness Vis-À-Vis Cartesian Cogito.Takaharu Oda & Alessio Bucci
    Chief amongst the issues Toshihiko Izutsu broached is the philosophisation of Zen Buddhism in his book Toward a Philosophy of Zen Buddhism. This article aims to critically compare Izutsu’s reconstruction of Zen metaphysics with another metaphysical tradition rooted in Descartes’ cogito ergo sum. Putting Izutsu’s terminological choices into the context of Zen Buddhism, we review his argument based on the subject-object distinction and establish a comparison with the Cartesian cogito. A critical analysis is conducted on the functional relationship between subject (...)
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  5.  14
    Don’T Be so Fast with the Knife: A Reply to Kapsner.Graham Priest
    The is a brief reply to the central objection against the construction of my The Fifth Corner of Four by Andi Kapsner in his “Cutting Corners: A Critical Note on Priest’s Five-Valued Catuṣkoṭi. This concerns the desirability of adding a fifth corner to the four of the catuṣkoṭi.
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  6.  10
    What Kind of an Illusion is the Illusion of Self.Karsten J. Struhl
    Both early and later forms of Buddhism developed a set of arguments to demonstrate that the self is an illusion. This article begins with a brief review of some of the arguments but then proceeds to show that these arguments are not themselves sufficient to dispel the illusion. It analyzes three ways in which the illusion of self manifests itself – as wish fulfillment, as a cognitive illusion, and as a phenomenal illusion. With respect to this last, the article reviews (...)
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  7.  2
    Respect and the Mengzian Conception of Yi as a Rule-Related Virtue.Meng Zhang
    This paper focuses on Meng Zi’s idea of yi as a virtue. In it, I first briefly examine two influential interpretations of yi – the “appropriateness” approach that views yi as a disposition to do what is fitting in a given situation and the shame-centered approach that understands yi as a disposition to avoid what is shameful in the moral life. The first approach is too thin to distinguish yi from acting properly in general and the second reading confines the (...)
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volume 43, issue 6, 2019
  1.  6
    Quantitative Methods I:The World We Have Lost – or Where We Started From.Ron Johnston, Richard J. Harris, Kelvyn Jones, David Manley, Wenfei Winnie Wang & Levi Wolf
    Although pioneering studies using statistical methods in geographical data analysis were published in the 1930s, it was only in the 1960s that their increasing use in human geography led to a claim that a ‘quantitative revolution’ had taken place. The widespread use of quantitative methods from then on was associated with changes in both disciplinary philosophy and substantive focus. The first decades of the ‘revolution’ saw quantitative analyses focused on the search for spatial order of a geometric form within an, (...)
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Manuscripts
  1.  22
    Notes on the Spiritual Path.Richard Oxenberg - manuscript
    In this paper I present, in summary form, some of my central thoughts about spirituality and religion.
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Aug 1st 2020 GMT
volume 15, issue 1, 2020
  1.  5
    In Search of Shifting and Emergent Librarian Identities: A Philosophical Approach to the Librarian Identity Problem.Sara Klein & Bartlomiej Lenart
    This paper argues that while the classical, essentialist conception of identity is appealing due to its simplicity, it does not adequately capture the complexity of professional or individual identity. The appeal to essentialism in librarianship contributes to some serious problems for the profession, such as exclusion and homogeneity in the workplace, high attrition rates of minority librarians, exploitation and alienation of an underrepresented workforce, as well as stereotyping. This paper examines the theoretical landscape with regard to the identity question and (...)
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Jul 31st 2020 GMT
New books
  1.  25
    Logic in Knowledge Representation and Reasoning: Central Topics Via Readings.Luis M. Augusto - manuscript
    Logic has been a—disputed—ingredient in the emergence and development of the now very large field known as knowledge representation and reasoning. In this book (in progress), I select some central topics in this highly fruitful, albeit controversial, association (e.g., non-monotonic reasoning, implicit belief, logical omniscience, closed world assumption), identifying their sources and analyzing/explaining their elaboration in highly influential published work.
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  2.  3
    Aristotle on Vice and Misery.Jonathan Robinson - 2019 - Dissertation, Macquarie University
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Jul 30th 2020 GMT
forthcoming articles
  1.  6
    Plural Practical Knowledge.Johannes Roessler
    he paper examines the thesis that participants in shared intentional activities have first-person plural ‘practical knowledge’ of what they are jointly doing, in the sense of ‘practical knowledge’ articulated by G.E.M Anscombe. Who is supposed to be the subject of such knowledge? The group, or members of the group, or both? It is argued that progress with this issue requires conceiving of collective activities as instances, not of supra-personal agency, but of interpersonal agency; specifically: as involving communication. There is a (...)
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volume 15, issue 1, 2020
  1.  3
    Heinz Kimmerle’s Intercultural Philosophy and the Quest for Epistemic Justice.Renate Schepen & Anke Graness
    Since the 1990s epistemic justice has been a central issue of post-colonial and feminist studies. But only during the last decade the term has become paradigmatic and new aspects of the issue have been addressed – particularly because of the works of De Sousa Santos and Fricker. One of the pioneers of an intercultural approach to philosophy is the German philosopher Heinz Kimmerle, who in the 1980s began to focus his research on African philosophies. Intercultural philosophy aimed for more epistemic (...)
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forthcoming articles
  1.  3
    Common Ground and Grounds of Law.Marat Shardimgaliev
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volume 9, issue 17, 2020
  1.  2
    Suffering Rights as Paradoxes.Wendy Brown, Anabella Di Tullio & Romina Smiraglia
    This article is a translation into Spanish of Wendy Brown's article “Suffering rights as paradoxes,” originally published in Constellations in 2000. In this paper, the author considers the difficult relation between selected feminist ambitions and rights discourse in the United States. This translation is part of the dossier “Feminist Political Theory: Tensions, Dilemmas and Debates,” published in Las Torres de Lucca, International Journal of Political Philosophy in July 2020.
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forthcoming articles
  1.  4
    E-Cigarettes: The Long-Term Liberal Perspective.Kalle Grill
    The debate for and against making e-cigarettes available to smokers is to a large extent empirical. We do not know the long-term health effects of vaping and we do not know how smokers will respond to e-cigarettes over time. In addition to these empirical uncertainties, however, there are difficult moral issues to consider. One such issue is that many smokers in some sense choose to smoke. Though smoking is addictive and though many start young, it does not seem impossible to (...)
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volume 5, issue 12, 2020
  1.  2
    Autonomy and the Ownership of Our Own Destiny: Tracking the External World and Human Behavior, and Paradox of Autonomy.Lorenzo Magnani
    Research on autonomy exhibits a constellation of variegated perspectives, from the problem of the crude deprivation of it to the study of the distinction between personal and moral autonomy, and from the problem of the role of a “self as narrator”, who classifies its own actions as autonomous or not, to the importance of the political side and, finally, to the need of defending and enhancing human autonomy. My precise concern in this article will be the examination of the role (...)
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Manuscripts
  1.  11
    How Coronavirus Exposed Our Society’s Inherent Ageism.Vittorio Bufacchi - unknown
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  2.  47
    (Counter)Factual Want Ascriptions and Conditional Belief.Thomas Grano & Milo Phillips-Brown - manuscript
    What are the truth conditions of want ascriptions? According to a highly influential and fruitful approach, championed by Heim (1992) and von Fintel (1999), the answer is intimately connected to the agent’s beliefs: ⌜S wants p⌝ is true iff within S’s belief set, S prefers the p worlds to the ~p worlds. This approach faces a well-known and as-yet unsolved problem, however: it makes the entirely wrong predictions with what we call '(counter)factual want ascriptions', wherein the agent either believes p (...)
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Jul 29th 2020 GMT
New books
  1.  28
    Knowledge & Logic: Towards a Science of Knowledge.Luis M. Augusto - manuscript
    Just started a new book. The aim is to establish a science of knowledge in the same way that we have a science of physics or a science of materials. This might appear as an overly ambitious, possibly arrogant, objective, but bear with me. On the day I am beginning to write it–June 7th, 2020–, I think I am in possession of a few things that will help me to achieve this objective. Again, bear with me. My aim is well (...)
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Manuscripts
  1.  26
    How to Conquer the Liar - an Informal Exposition.Boris Culina - manuscript
    This article informally presents a solution to the paradoxes of truth and shows how the solution solves classical paradoxes (such as the original Liar) as well as paradoxes that were invented as counter-arguments for various proposed solutions to the paradoxes of truth (``revenges of the Liar''). Also, one erroneous critique of Kripke-Feferman axiomatic theory of truth, which is present in contemporary literature, is pointed out.
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  2.  99
    Fine-Tuning Divine Indifference.Chris Dorst & Kevin Dorst - manuscript
    Given the laws of our universe, the initial conditions and cosmological constants had to be "fine-tuned" to result in life. Is this evidence for design? We argue that we should be uncertain whether an ideal agent would take it to be so—but that given such uncertainty, we should react to fine-tuning by boosting our confidence in design. The degree to which we should do so depends on our credences in controversial metaphysical issues.
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  3.  42
    Foucher/Desgabets: Translations From the Cartesian Debate on Ideas and Representation.Walter Ott - manuscript
    Two kinds of people might find this useful: first, those interested in the modern debate over ideas and representation who don’t happen to read French, or who do, but would like to have in one place the relevant excerpts, to see whether looking at the originals is worth their time. Second are teachers of modern philosophy. The back-and-forth among these figures makes for a refreshing change from the massive, often self-contained works that characterize much of the rest of such a (...)
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Jul 27th 2020 GMT
New books
  1. The Value of Critique: Exploring the Interrelations of Value, Critique, and Artistic Labour.Isabelle Graw & Christoph Menke (eds.) - 2020
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Jul 26th 2020 GMT
New books
  1.  10
    Socratic Piety, Reciprocity, and the Last Elenchos of Plato's Euthyphro.Donovan Cox - 2020 - Dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst
    The central problem of this dissertation arises from reflecting on Euthyphro’s often neglected final attempt to define piety and the discussion that follows. He claims that piety is knowledge of how to give to the gods what is pleasing in prayer and sacrifice. Socrates, without much argument, reduces Euthyphro’s answer to his earlier, already refuted one – that piety is what is dear to the gods – inviting the question of whether this is all the elenchos is meant to accomplish. (...)
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Manuscripts
  1.  38
    The Wrong Way to Protect Small Business.Jules Coleman - manuscript
    US Senate is considering legislation designed to immunize small businesses from lawsuits brought by customers alleging to have been infected with COVID-19 while on the premises. The legislation seeks to subsidize reopening small businesses by reducing their vulnerability to liability. I argue that the legislation produces worse public health outcomes than existing liability regimes, obliterates claims to redress supported by corrective justice, and unfairly burdens victims by forcing them to become de facto insurers of their injurers. In the US, where (...)
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  2.  46
    What is the Value of Vagueness?David Lanius - manuscript
    Classically, vagueness has been regarded as something bad. It leads to the Sorites para-dox, borderline cases, and the (apparent) violation of the logical principle of bivalence. Nevertheless, there have always been people claiming that vagueness is also valuable. Many have pointed out that we could not communicate as successfully or efficiently as we do if we would not use vague language. Indeed, we often use vague terms when we could have used more precise ones instead. Many people (implicitly or explicitly) (...)
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Jul 25th 2020 GMT
New books
  1.  16
    One-by-One: Moral Theory for Separate Persons.Bastian Steuwer - 2020 - Dissertation, London School of Economics
    You and I lead different lives. While we share a society and a world, our existence is separate from one another. You and I matter individually, by ourselves. My dissertation is about this simple thought. I argue that this simple insight, the separateness of persons, tells us something fundamental about morality. My dissertation seeks to answer how the separateness of persons matters. I develop a precise view of the demands of the separateness of persons. The separateness of persons imposes both (...)
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volume 7, issue , 2020
  1.  6
    What Science Can Do for Democracy – A Complexity Science Approach.T. Eliassi-rad, H. Farrell, Stephan da GarciaLewandowsky, Patricia Palacios, Don A. Ross, Didier Sornette, Karim P. Y. Thebault & Karoline Wiesner
    Political scientists have conventionally assumed that achieving democracy is a one-way ratchet. Only very recently has the question of ‘democratic backsliding’ attracted any research attention. We argue that democratic instability is best understood with tools from complexity science. The explanatory power of complexity science arises from several features of complex systems. Their relevance in the context of democracy is discussed. Several policy recommen- dations are offered to help stabilize current systems of representative democracy.
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volume 378, issue 2177, 2020
  1.  30
    On the Limits of Experimental Knowledge.Peter Evans & Karim P. Y. Thebault
    To demarcate the limits of experimental knowledge, we probe the limits of what might be called an experiment. By appeal to examples of scientific practice from astrophysics and analogue gravity, we demonstrate that the reliability of knowledge regarding certain phenomena gained from an experiment is not circumscribed by the manipulability or accessibility of the target phenomena. Rather, the limits of experimental knowledge are set by the extent to which strategies for what we call ‘inductive triangulation’ are available: that is, the (...)
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volume 12, issue , 2019
  1.  7
    Forty Years After Laboratory Life.Joyce C. Havstad
    There is an ongoing and robust tradition of science and technology studies scholars conducting ethnographic laboratory studies. These laboratory studies—like all ethnographies—are each conducted at a particular time, are situated in a particular place, and are about a particular culture. Presumably, this contextual specificity means that such ethnographies have limited applicability beyond the narrow slice of time, place, and culture that they each subject to examination. But we do not always or even often treat them that way. It is beyond (...)
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